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State of Maryland


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General Maryland State History

Since the first European colonists set foot on its shores in 1631, Maryland has played a significant role in American history. Some of the state's links to the nation's past - Antietam or Fort McHenry - are so enduring that they're recognized by name alone, while others are just waiting to be discovered.

Each region in Maryland contains historic attractions unique to its area. Western Maryland played a strong role in the development of intrastate transportation, particularly with the C&O Canal, the National Pike and B&O Railroad passing through its rolling mountain terrain. Central Maryland, a region which is rich in historic mansions and preserved landmarks' also is known for its museums' galleries and hunt country. Annapolis was known as the "Athens of America" during the seventeenth century and once served as the capital of the United States. Baltimore,' our State's center of commerce, was known around the world in the early 1800's for the sleek clipper ships built in its harbor and for its fine urban architecture.

The Capital Region, named for its proximity to our nation's capital, has attractions relating to the development of agriculture and aviation, as well as homes of many former governors and other prominent Marylanders. Maryland's first capital is located in Southern Maryland at Historic St. Mary's City, along with several early Native American and colonial sites. The Eastern Shore of Maryland continues to celebrate the heritage and traditions of the Chesapeake Bay with an emphasis on maritime history, waterfowl art and the seafood industry. As you browse through our web page, you'll find that a trip to Maryland is a getaway of historic proportions.

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